There have been various government efforts to ensure Tanzanians and foreigners are given National Identity, but these efforts have not been able to bear fruit for a long time due to various reasons. In 1986 the Government enacted the Identity Act which was not enforced.
It is clear that at this time there is a great need to have National IDs according to the existing circumstances. Establishment of the East African Community where five countries are united and agree that people of these countries can visit without distraction also increased the importance of having IDs. It should be noted that Tanzania is the only country in the Community that does not have National IDs.
The feasibility study of the National IDs in 2006 has shown that the project is being implemented. The report also identified the project cost estimates and how the project will be implemented when the Smartcard technology will be used as approved by the Cabinet in the seminar in Dodoma in February, 2007.
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President of the United Republic of Tanzania, Hon. Dr. Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete has already signed a Certificate of Approval for the establishment of a National Identification Authority (NIDA). This document has been published in the Government Gazette, GN No.122 of 01/08/2008.
In addition to its 3th session of February, 2007 the Cabinet provided guidance for the formation of the Steering Committee of Principal Secretaries, Heads of Departments and Departments concerned with key issues about National IDs. This committee and other matters will be responsible for providing guidance and direction of Project programs.
The Council also decided that the report of the research of Gotham International Limited (GIL) would be a guide to the implementation of the Project and the Company was appointed as the Project Consultant.
In another step, the Government issued a guide that various project implementation reports including the winner of the contractor's contract to form the National Identification System should be submitted to the Cabinet in order to obtain its approval.