Crops To Grow Or Plant In Drought Conditions
The report mentions the existence of two Idai and Savannah hurricanes that have affected climate systems and seasonal rainfall in the country.
Regions that have been affected significantly are Morogoro (North), Pwani, Tanga, Manyara and Kilimanjaro.
However, with regard to the Southern Highlands and Lake Victoria, seasonal rains continue to occur as expected, while the Savannah hurricane is expected to disappear before the arrival of Madagascar.
Despite the shortage of rainfall, agricultural experts are still aware of the potential for agricultural production because affected areas are not much.
The Director of Agricultural Research Institute (Tari), Dr Geoffrey Mkamilo says despite the late rainfall in the coastal region, there is still hope of finding crops from other regions that have enough rainfall.
“The coastal zone gets sufficient rainfall twice a year, although these autumn rains have decreased, but the latter rains are raining and they focus on March. So just wait, says and add:
Kati ’In the Central region of Dodoma and Singida regions, the annual rainfall extends from December to mid-April and is very productive.”
However, he says in response to the shortage of rainfall, farmers must harvest drought-resistant crops such as sorghum, millet, cassava and peas.
“If the rains start to rain, then the farmers will advance early and if there is a shortage of drought-resistant crops and early ripening seeds as early as two or three months. There are up to five months, ”he says.
“There are drought-resistant crops such as sorghum, millet, mucus and cassava and sweet potatoes should be planted with rainfall. The seeds have been researched and available for distributors. Fortunately these crops are grown in many areas such as Lake, Eastern, Southern and Central regions. ”
He says that even with maize seeds there are 15 species that tolerate drought research.
Dr Mkamilo's advice is supported by an agricultural research researcher from Ilonga research center, Dr Justine Ringo who fears farmers about drought tolerant seeds.
“The problem of rain is not of one person, but of the climate change that affects the world. But for some regions like Morogoro, the rains have begun to rain. So there are some drought-resistant seeds in areas with a lack of rainfall, ”says Dr Ringo.
Such advice has also been given by the agricultural analyst Malima Malima saying in the current situation farmers should be given the knowledge of growing drought crops because rainfall is unpredictable.
There are drought-resistant crops like twins, sorghum and sunflower. There are maize that has been studied and tolerates drought and early growth. The seeds are available for research and are available in shops, ”says Malima.
The Seed Agency Director, (ASA), Sophia Kashenge mesema is still evaluating the impact of rainfall as it has also affected seed production.
“Today we are going into the field to look at the impacts on our farms to produce seeds, because we have a whole country,” says Kashenge.
“I am now in Kigoma where there is a hail and has affected the farms. That is the rainfall system, here it does not rain but the other brings the effect, ”he adds.
Despite being advised to plant drought-resistant and early germination, the Government should now invest more in irrigation agriculture and reduce the dependence on rainfall as the effects of climate change are evident.
Extension officers should also visit and advise farmers on best agricultural practices especially areas with rainfall. Tell them about the type and availability of drought resistant seeds.